Amphetamine – Class B (Class A if prepared for
Amphetamine can come in a tablet or capsule form, but usually as
a coarse, off white or pinkish powder wrapped in squares of glossy
paper or self-sealed plastic bags. It may be mixed with other
substances. Amphetamine ‘base’ is a pinkish –grey putty-like
Nicknames - Speed, whizz, billy, uppers,
sulphate and base.
Usage: can be sniffed, dropped in drinks or swallowed (bombing) by
wrapping it in a piece of paper such as cigarette paper. It is
Effects - Can make people feel more alert and
confident. Some may feel very anxious and restless as the effects
wear off. Can cause disruption of sleep and diet. Heavy use can
cause mental health problems from depression to paranoia.
Cannabis - Class B
Cannabis resin is made by compressing the sticky coating from
the flowering tops of the cannabis plant. Herbal cannabis comes
from the dried or leafy parts of the plant. Cannabis can also come
Nicknames - Dope, grass, hash, blow,
weed, skunk, puff, draw, pot, ganga, solids and green.
Usage - Generally smoked in a cigarette
(joint). The resin or oil can be mixed with tobacco, but herbal
cannabis may be smoked on its own. Can also be smoked in a pipe,
brewed into a drink, or put into food. Smoking produces a
distinctive sweet, herbal smell.
Effects - May make the user feel relaxed,
talkative or giggly. May lower inhibitions, can cause
disorientation, anxiousness, lack of concentration, forgetfulness,
hunger, and psychological depence can occur. Reflexes slow and
accidents are more likely. Can make users paranoid and anxious,
depending on their mood and situation.
Cocaine - Class A
Cocaine is a white crystalline powder.
Nicknames - coke, charlie, snow, 'c' and
Usage - Most commonly snorted or sniffed using a
rolled up bank note or tube from a smooth hard surface such as a
mirror, cistern or toilet lid, or from the back of the hand. It can
also be dissolved and injected.
Effects - A strong stimulant drug with
short lived effects of up to 30 minutes. Users often feel more
alert, physically strong and confident. High doses may make people
feel very anxious or depressed. Lack of energy may follow.
Crack cocaine - Class A
Crack is a form of cocaine which has been
processed to allow it to be more easily smoked. It appears as
yellow, pinkish or waxy white ‘rocks’ or granules similar to dried
Nicknames - Rock, wash,
Usage - Generally smoked
by means of a water pipe. Home-made pipes are more likely to be
found at street level made from soft drinks cans, plastic and glass
bottles, and aluminium foil.
Effects - A strong
stimulant drug with short lived effects of up to ten minutes.
The effects are similar to cocaine but more intense and do not last
Ecstasy is usually found in the form of a
tablet or pill but can also come as a capsule. These are produced
in a variety of colours, shapes and sizes. Most pills have a small
motif embossed on one side. It is often mixed with other
substances. Very rarely it is found in powder form.
Nicknames - 'E', disco
biscuits, doves, pills, jacks, xtc, echoes, hug drug, fantasy.
Usage -Usually taken
Effects - Can make people
feel energetic for a number of hours. The initial rush is often
followed by feelings of calmness and closeness to others. High
doses may lead to panic and anxiety. Danger of overheating and
dehydration if partaking in strenuous physical activity, such as
Heroin - Class
Heroin is a powder which varies in colour from
white to brown. Generally contains other adulterants.
Nicknames - 'H', horse, skag,
smack, brown, gear, heaven, junk.
Usage - Can be smoked by
placing the powder onto metal foil and heating it to produce a
smoke which is then inhaled through a rolled up bank note or tube.
Can also be prepared for injection by mixing with other substances
and heating in a spoon.
Effects -Can slow mental and
physical functioning. Euphoria and feelings or warmth and
detachment are common. Tends to block out physical and emotional
pain. The effects can last several hours.
Hallucinogenics – Class A
Magic mushrooms – Most common is liberty cap
(psilocybe) – small, tan and bruise blue.
LSD – Squares of blotting type paper (approx.,
8mm square) impregnated with solution.
Nicknames - Magic mushrooms –
mushies, magics, shrooms, LSD - acid, trips, and tabs.
Usage - Magic mushrooms –
eaten raw, dried for use in cooking, or infused for drinking.
Effects - Distortion of
the senses. Effects are known as a ‘trip’ and can last up to 12
hours depending on dosage and user’s psychological state. A ‘trip’
cannot be stopped. A bad experience can be frightening. Panic and
paranoia may follow.
Solvents and volatile substances - Not
Aerosols and other products which give off
vapours or are gases at normal temperatures e.g., hairspray,
deodorants and air fresheners, butane gas, glues, thinners and
correction fluids, some paints, cleaners, surgical spirit and
Nicknames - Sniffing, doing
gas, biffing, huffing.
Usage - May be directly
inhaled through the mouth or nose, or inhaled from a plastic or
paper bag. Liquids such as petrol may be put on a rag and the fumes
inhaled. Aerosols can also be squirted directly into the mouth and
Effects - Similar to
alcohol – dizziness, slurring of speech, giggling, and inability to
think straight. Users may hallucinate. Effects are short lived,
usually less than 45 minutes. Long term abuse may cause weight
loss, depression, fatigue, forgetfulness, inability to concentrate
and permanent damage to liver, heart and kidneys.
LAW it is an offence under the Cigarette Lighter
Refill (Safety) Regulations 1999 to sell butane gas lighter refills
to under 18s. It is an offence under the Intoxicating Substances
(Supply) Act 1985 to supply under 18s with a substance if there is
reasonable cause to believe the substance or its fumes may be